Telugu, Thanjavur Marathi and Saurashtra are other languages spoken in the city. In 1787, Amar Singh, the regent of Thanjavur, deposed the minor Raja, his nephew Serfoji II (1787–93) and captured the throne. Thanjavur, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. [107][108], Thanjavur has a total of 15 arts, science & management colleges and nine engineering colleges. There are three seasons for agriculture in Thanjavur – Kuruvai (June to September), Samba (August to January) and Thaladi (September, October to February, March). Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. The Maratha rulers patronized Carnatic music. [35][36] Built in the 11th century by the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014), the temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. [114] Water supply is provided by the Thanjavur Corporation from the Vadavar Canal, supplied through overhead tanks located in various parts of the city. C.V. Schwartz of the Danish Mission. Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in promoting English education in Thanjavur. The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. Government and private buses operate frequently between the two bus termini and other towns and villages like Vallam, Budalur, Mohamed Bunder, Nadukkavery, Pillaiyarpatti, Vallam Pudursethi, Sengipatti, Ammapettai, Mariamman Kovil, Thiruvaiyaru and Kuruvadipatti. List of educational institutions in Thanjavur, Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology, "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Station: Tanjavur Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Agricultural Contingency Plan of District Thanjavur", "National Agricultural developmental program – District agricultural plan of Thanjavur district",, "South zone cultural centre to celebrate silver jubilee soon", "World Heritage Sites – Chola Temple – Brihadisvara", "A stickler for tradition in Tanjore painting", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thanjavur", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "Passengers demand new train from Thanjavur to Chennai on mainline", "Cancellation and partial cancellation of trains from December 4", "Thanjavur Air Force base to be a major one soon", "Delay in Completion of Strategic Air Force Projects", "IAF's Modernisation Projects' 75% Completion By 2022: Air Chief Marshal Browne", "IAF to modernise, raise four more Su-30MKI squadrons", "Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "Deputy Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2014, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "Thanjavur to be upgraded as City Municipal Corporations", "Map showing the new assembly constituencies", "Tiruvarur gifts highest-ever victory margin to Karunanidhi", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2009, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Key highlights of the general elections 1952 to the First Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha", "Transforming a rice bowl into a food processing hub", "Students throng Passport Seva Kendra in Tiruchi and Thanjavur", Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan, Trichy-Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India,, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [21] Modern day Thanjavur railway junction has three rail heads leading to Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam and Thiruvarur. [60], As of 2008, a total 2,013.34 ha (4,975.1 acres) (55.4%) of the land was used for residential, 11.32 ha (28.0 acres) (3.06%) for commercial, 82.68 ha (204.3 acres) (2.28%) for industrial, 320.2 ha (791 acres) (8.81%) for public & semi public, 108.11 ha (267.1 acres) (2.98%) for educational and 996.85 ha (2,463.3 acres) (27.47%) for agriculture. [80] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 62 members, one each from the 62 wards. Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. Thanjavur.. Wikipedia. Organic farming is gradually becoming known to the farmers of Thanjavur. Accessibility: Tiruchirapalli Airport: 58 km. It was once the capital of the mighty Cholas and after the fall of Cholas, the city was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and the British Empire until independence. It was originally constructed by the rulers of the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom and after their fall, it served as the official residence of the Thanjavur Marathas. Thanjavur had a single bus terminus located at the heart of the city. [54] The total rice production has been maintained at 10.615 L.M.T and 7.077 L.M.T. Which river flows near the city of Thanjavur ? The nearest Seaport is located at Nagapattinam. It dates back to about the 1600s, the period of Nayakas of Thanjavur, who encouraged art, classical dance and music literature, both in Telugu and Tamil. [56] The city produces bell metal craft like Thanjavur metal plates, bronze images bowls, napkins and powder boxes made of copper and bronze. For its namesake district, see, "Tanjore" redirects here. [111] St. Peter's Higher Secondary School at Thanjavur was established by Rev. The river Cauvery divides into many branches and wet land at Thanjavur, the Cauvery is one of the major tributaries of river Cauvery which passes through at near of the town Thanjavur. [31] The average rainfall is 37 inches (940 mm), most of which is contributed by the North-East monsoon. Stock Footage of The Denmark River flows through indigenous forest near the town of Denmark in Western Australia.. NH-67: Thanjavur - Needamangalam - Thiruvurur. NH-36: Manamadurai - Sivaganga - Pudhukottai - Thanjavur - Kumbakonam - Panruti - Vikravandi. However , w ater supply for daily purposes town comes from wells and tanks, located inside the city. While Hindus form the majority, the city also has a substantial population of Muslims and Christians. Thanjavur is also home to Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region. [87][90] The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for Seven terms during 1951–56,[91] 1957–62,[92] 1962–1967,[93] 1980–84, 1984–1989,[94] 1989–91[95] and 1991–96,[96] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for Seven terms during 1967–71,[97] 1971–77,[98] 1996–98, 1998–99,[99] 1999–04,[100] 2004–09[101] and 2009–present[102] and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for one term during 1977–80. both rationally and individually. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city. [34] There were 2,002,225 Indian and 81,435 foreign tourist arrivals in 2009 to Thanjavur. [42], There are 20 registered schools in Thanjavur, catering to the primary, secondary and higher secondary educational needs of the city. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. From US $ 50 to 100. The towns people are all praise for its architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan who has proudly carved his name on the temple wall. Thanjavur District is one of the 38 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. RedBus operates a bus from Bangalore to Tanjore every 30 minutes. The average literacy of the city was 83.14%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The kingdom was eventually absorbed into British India in 1855 by the Doctrine of Lapse when Shivaji II (1832–55), the last Thanjavur Maratha ruler, died without a legitimate male heir. One hears the bells of the Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. [63], The National Highways NH 83 and NH 36 pass through Thanjavur and NH 136 and NH 67 connect Thanjavur respectively with Perambalur and Thiruvurur. [24][25] To the south of Thanjavur city, is the Vallam tableland, a small plateau interspersed at regular intervals by ridges of sandstone. [43] The Sivaganga Park is situated to the east of the Brihadeeswarar Temple and encompasses the Sivaganga Tank believed to have been built by the king Raja Raja Chola. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located at a distance of 56 km (35 mi). [8][9] During the first decade of the eleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) constructed the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur. [8] Five years after its annexation, the British replaced Negapatam (modern-day Nagapattinam) with Thanjavur as the seat of the district administration. [33] The most visited monument in Thanjavur is the Brihadeeswarar Temple, whose construction, the historian Percy Brown described as "a landmark in the evolution of building art in South India". Kovil Venni, situated 15 miles (24 km) to the east of the city, was the site of the Battle of Venni between the Chola king Karikala and a confederacy of the Cheras and the Pandyas. This temple is the main attraction of this place. [16] The Sultanate extended its authority directly over the conquered regions from 1311 to 1335 and then through the semi-independent Ma'bar Sultanate from 1335 to 1378. While the plains immediately adjoining the Cauvery river have been under cultivation from time immemorial, most of Thanjavur city and the surrounding areas lie in the "New Delta" – a dry, barren upland tract which was brought under irrigation during the early 19th century. Thanjavur is connected by rail with most important cities and towns in India. Oriental Towers, Srinivasam Pillai Road (South of Thanjavur Junction), ☏ +91 4362-230724, fax: +91 4362-230770, Roadways are the major means of transportation, while the city also has rail connectivity. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. A group of Shiva Temples of the Thanjavur Maratha dynasty is situated at Vambulancholai on the southern bank of river Vadavar which flows in the Northern periphery of Thanjavur town. Thananjaya(Dhananjaya)+Oor=Thanjavur. While the plains immediately adjoining the Cauvery river have been under cultivation from time immemorial, most of Thanjavur city and the surrounding areas lie in the "New Delta" – a dry, barren upland tract which was brought under irrigation during the early 19th century. These temples, mostly dating from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries are of special significance for the following reason. This place is called as Kailash Mahal or Raja Gori..

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