But thoroughgoing skeptic he was, and skepticism combined with humor describes his particular angle of vision. One of these men was Henry Brooks Adams, Harvard class of 1858, who afterward wrote in his 1907 book The Education of Henry Adams: Much more important to the course of American letters was Lowell's instrumental part in the founding of The Atlantic Monthly in November 1857 and his editorship of the journal during its first years of publication. He published a second series of Biglow Papers on the subject of the Union cause. Lowell's reputation at the time of his death in 1891 was, to use William C. Brownell's term, "a superstition." Lowell, James Russell . That appears for the most part the clearest ideal of those who handle the English form, and he was altogether in the straight tradition. James Russell Lowell was born February 22, 1819, the son of the Reverend Charles Russell Lowell, Sr. (1782–1861), a minister at a Unitarian church in Boston who had previously studied theology at Edinburgh, and Harriett Brackett Spence Lowell. Unburdened by a philosophical system or program, Lowell possessed a scholar's care for detail and a stylist's delight in expression, and his major essays, particularly "Chaucer" (1870), "Spenser" (1875), and "Dryden" (1868), remain valuable pieces of critical exposition, informed by an appreciation of the literary text in both its historical and linguistic complexities. Poem Hunter all poems of by James Russell Lowell poems. Later, Royall Tyler found the Yankee mask an effective moral point of view in his play The Contrast (1787), and Seba Smith used the resources of dialect and region to their full comic possibilities in his Life and Writings of Major Jack Downing (1833). His success there was what persuaded the Harvard Board of Overseers to name Lowell as Longfellow's replacement. Following family tradition, he attended Harvard, graduating in 1838 and taking a law degree there in 1840. in 1819. He attended William Wells School and Harvard University, where he graduated with a degree in law. “Jemmie” was born on February 22, 1819 in Cambridge, Massachusetts at what became the family estate, “Elmwood.” After attending a number of local schools he enrolled at Harvard College at the age of 15. Author of Among my books, The Biglow papers, My study windows, The poetical works of James Russell Lowell, The vision of Sir Launfal, Letters of James Russell Lowell, The complete poetical works of James Russell Lowell, Poems He also served as the first editor of the Atlantic Monthly, and later with Charles Eliot Norton, of the North American Review. James Russell Lowell, (born Feb. 22, 1819, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.—died Aug. 12, 1891, Cambridge), American poet, critic, essayist, editor, and diplomat whose major significance probably lies in the interest in literature he helped develop in the United States. She became part of one of Margaret Fuller’s Conversation groups. During these "diplomatic" years Lowell wrote his two finest utterances on the role of the individual in the life of the community, a role he had learned by experience and success: "Democracy" (1884) and "The Place of the Independent in Politics" (1888). But there is nothing easy about A Fable for Critics, a fact Amy Lowell discovered when she later tried to imitate her kinsman's work. In such verses as "Sunthin' in the Pastoral Line" in the second Biglow volume—written at the suggestion of the British poet Arthur Hugh Clough "that I should try my hand at some Yankee Pastorals, which would admit of more sentiment and a higher tone without foregoing the advantage offered by the dialect"—Lowell most fully succeeds in his mastery of vernacular art. The greatest homage we can pay to truth, is to use it. Here he confronted the Unitarians, when he asked if they formed a religious union based on total dissent, how they could label Theodore Parker a heretic? Their choice could not have been happier for the fortunes of Harvard, then just beginning its transformation from a provincial academy to a world-important university, and Lowell prepared himself for the post with a year of diligent study in Germany and Italy. 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