Architectural features of the temples of Bengal: Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala). Jagannath Temple of Mahesh. The Deul is a stand-alone structure, without the Mandap, cylindrical in shape, with ridge-like sculpturing on its surface. Some are smooth curvilinear and others are ridged curvilinear. Built on a square platform. When a miniature is built on the roof, it becomes an at-chala. Barakar temples at Barakar in Paschim Bardhaman district. The Terracotta Temples of Bengal, famous for the use of Terracotta Plaques for surface decoration, had developed a unique style of architecture, quite distinct from the major styles of temple architecture that was prevailing in India. ⭐In the comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a … Read the Full article to know about Temple Architecture in India. Dec 30,2020 - What are the important architectural features of the temples of bengal? Part of NCERT Art & Culture notes for UPSC 2021. Architectural features assign all extant temples of Bengal to a date not before the 9th century. The historic temples in Bengal are also remarkable in the plastic range with which terracotta panelling provides relief to the strict Euclidean geometries of the architectural volumes. The dilapidated temples built by the Bhanja rulers at the ancient site of Khiching in Mayurbhanj provide a connecting link between Orissan architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries and its provincial phase in the south of West Bengal. In the smooth type, the sikhara is free of horizotal bars and in ridged type, it is closely ridged with bars. Those terracotta temples can be classified according to their architectural differences of roof styles. At-chala. The Rajputs were prolific builders. • Neoclassical and Italianate urban and country houses influenced temple architecture later in Colonial period. Click here to view the author’s (Divyanshi Sharda) blogger profile and click here to view her Facebook blog profile – Kshirsagar (Retelling The Glory). It is evident that the Pallava Rulers started building temples in Southen India but the Dravidian Style flourished during the rule of Cholas.. The construction of this spires was done with materials like brick and lime mortar. The Chala comes in a few variants, like the Douchala, Chaarchala, Atchala and Barochala, with each having 2, 4, 8 and 12 sloping roofs respectively. Another arresting style is the Jor-Bangla temple (জোড়-বাংলা), which is the combination of two Douchala temples which are placed absolutely adjacently to each other. It is marked by the presence of a convex-sloping roof. Answer: Architectural features of the temples of Bengal: Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala). Image courtesy: Wikimedia. •Two major capitals of Mohammedan were Gaur and Pandua. No systematic enquiry has been in this important field which remained neglected. The ratna style came up in the 15th-16th century. How Raja Ganesha Re-established Hindu Supremacy in Bengal 15th Century, How Rani Bhavashankari Defeated Pathans and Retained Hindu Supremacy in Bengal, Terracotta: The Indus-Sarasvati Connect to Bengal and North East India, Towards India’s New Era Paradigm: Reformulating Karma and Past Lives, 5 Architectural Evidences That Prove Taj Mahal is a Hindu Temple, Polytheistic Hindu Identity: A Heritage of Divine Enlightenment, A History of Head Coverings in India: Turban and Head Veil/Ghoonghat. Photograph by Joseph David Beglar in 1897. It went on developing from the late 7th century or early 8th century to around the 12th century, increasing its complexity and height but retaining its basic features. George Michell is the author of Architecture of the Islamic World, Brick Temples of Bengal, andThe Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume I. This graphic representation will surely help you to understand the various forms and types of Bengal Temple. As they moved eastwards, they cleared the forests and started practicing agriculture there. Image courtesy: Wikimedia. Classification of Indian Temples. The interior of the temple has a vaulted roof. •The strategic center was at the junction of the Ganga and Mahananda now comprising the malda district. The Krishna-Raya Atchala Mondir at Kachrapara. Answer Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are: Temples of Bengal began to copy the double-roofed structure of the thatched huts. The two major groups being the sloping roofed or chala styles and the towered or ratna styles usually classify terracotta temples (www.aishee.org). Built in the 19th Century.Source/Image Courtesy: digital.library.cornell.edu/Clicked by Mr. Bonnie G. MacDougall. Christian Illegal Cemetery Close to Uchistha Ganpaty Temple. The distinct architectural style of temple construction in different parts was a result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic diversities. Image Source/Courtesy: tripadvisor.com. The flat-roofed (dalan) temples “with their heavy cornices on S-curved brackets they too have a long Indo-Islamic place and temple tradition” and then was influenced by European ideas in the 19th century. The temple features five spires and some of its significant terracotta panels are still in good condition. The cylindrical rotno have a spike at the top for embellishment, and are immensely decorated with miniature sculptures, like every other historical temple. The domed Shiva temple at Baneswar in Cooch Behar district, Sonarang Twin Temples at Sonarang village in Munshiganj district, Bangladesh, Temples of identical style and size are sometimes grouped together. Saileswar and Shanreswar temples at Dihar, Bankura district, are old Shiva temples, damaged by erosion and possibly restored in the 14th century. ↔ Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are: ⭐Temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts. Two such huts, one forming a porch in front and the other being the shrine at the back constitutes the jor-bangla – “Bengal's most distinctive contribution to temple design”. Ancient Indian temples are classified in three broad types. [1], “Between the earlier and later Hindu periods astonishing religious changes took place in Bengal: the worship of Vishnu gave way to that of Radha-Krishna, of Chamunda to that of Kali; Surya fell entirely out of favour; curious folk cults like that of Dharmaraja or Dakshina Raya arose.” There have also been changes in temple architecture. Dec 30,2020 - What are the important architectural features of the temples of bengal? Michell, George, (1977) The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to its Meaning and Forms, 1977, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0-226-53230-1. Where everyone had to mandatorily draw a generic yet iconic temple? Muslim domed temples are very rare, except possibly in Cooch Behar. Features of Dravidian Style. Point out one by one the key features of temple architecture in these areas i.e. In the long run, this style lost its special identity as religious architecture and got mixed up with domestic architecture. Temple architecture of Bengalby Sibabrata Halder and Manju Halder is an interdisciplinary attempt at understanding various forms of architecture that came into being out of various cultural matrices right from the 5thto the 19thcentury AD. These are: The majestic Noborotno Dakshineshwar Temple near Kolkata’s Hoogly, built by Rani Rashmoni in 1855, with its presiding deity being Maa Bhavatarini, an aspect of Maa Kali. Groups of four, six and twelve Shiva temples are quite popular. In the Dravidian Style of architecture, the chief shrine of the temple as in the Nagara Style had the chief deity. Initially, local deities were worshipped in thatched huts in villages. Temple of Bengal: Material Style & temple Architecture of Bengal, Technological Evaluation. The temple bears some political epochs like the Mughal conquest of Bengal, march-past of Akbar’s soldiers under Manshing’s leadership. •In the 13TH century Arabs invaded the Bengal province and introduced their architecture for the first time in this region. The crowning amalaka is generally large and flat. [1], The ek-bangla or do-chala consists of a hut with two sloping roofs, following the pattern of huts, mostly in East Bengal villages. The pyramid like structure of the Ras-Manch is the only of its kind in Bengal. Tarapith Temple. Thye important architectural features of the temples in Bengal were the double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala). The Rash Moncho is a distinctive type of temple which is constituted by a four sided, square-like, pillared enclosure within which stands a monument, which can either be a Rotno tower, or probably any other structure. It is evident that the Pallava Rulers started building temples in Southen India but the Dravidian Style flourished during the rule of Cholas.. Initially, there were flat-top temples, square temples on low platforms. Many of the very small types dispense with the complicated styling. The rekha deul continues, the pirha has become rare, other old forms have disappeared. The surviving brick temples of Bengal were mainly built during a period when the region was witnessing a revival of Hinduism with particular focus on the cult of Krishna. A paved floor at the ground level takes the place of the plinth. Two new styles are predominant – the hut (chala) style similar to the mud hut with a thatched roof and the pinnacled (ratna) style which is closest to Islamic traditions. Terracotta Temple, Bishnupur, West Bengal. The trabeate method was followed universally for their construction. [1], Do-chala tomb of Fateh Khan at Gauda, Malda district – example of Muslim use of this style, Jor Bangla temple at Bishnupur, Bankura district, Char-chala temple at Palpara, Nadia district, At-chala Shantinath temple at Chandrakona, Paschim Medinipur district, Baro-chala Buro Shiva temple at Jalshara, Paschim Medinipur district, The curved roof of a ratna temple “is surmounted by one or more towers or pinnacles called ratna (jewel). The unique feature about Rotno Mondirs is that, they bear uncanny resemblance to medieval European Castles, although being completely unrelated to them as most of these types of temples were built before the European arrival. Note that the intricate carvings in Bengali Temples (the historical kind) were often made of terracotta, due to the easy availability of clay near river banks. Double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala); The important architectural features of the temples in Bengal were the double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala). Jaydev Kenduli is believed to be the birthplace of the poet Jaydev. The temple has a pyramidal structure and terracotta has been used in the carvings. Located in West Bengal, Bishnupur is a village which is rich in terms of temple architecture and has been documented extensively by historians, architects as well as archeologists. The Shikhar is adjoined with the Mandap, the area meant for public assembly in the temple. The authors expect that this article will reach a wider range of researchers, this work will give a basis for future research or any kind of intervention on this historic site. Answer: Bengal witnessed a temple-building spree from the late fifteenth century, which culminated in the nineteenth century. The palatial Chhoto Rashabari, standing tall almost opposite my house, had always caught my eye and attention, as it silently watched over this cosy little place. In the Dravidian Style of architecture, the chief shrine of the temple as in the Nagara Style had the chief deity. Read the Full article to know about Temple Architecture in India. The rich tradition of temple building in Bishnupur was to have a protracted impact on architectural practices in other regions of Bengal, both during its heyday and during its recession with the waning of Mughal power. Comparative more complex-four roofed structures-four triangular roofs placed on four walls moved up to coverage on curved line or a point. Another extremely interesting structure is the Deul, which has captivating origins. The Dol Moncho, however differs greatly in design as it almost entirely represents a solitary Rotno, which is smaller and hollow from the bottom. Let’s discuss : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 137 . Hakanda temple at Maynapur, Bankura district, built in the 18th century and badly damaged. With time, the charchala was modified into the aatchala, which consists of a charchala upon a charchala, and is the most common type of temple architecture in Bengal. Basically, Nagara Style of Architecture is North-India Temple Style. | EduRev Class 7 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 171 Class 7 Students. Unlike most of its neighbours at the site, it is built of cut stones rather than carved out of caves. The Char bangla temple stands on a 1.5 feet high base, with its four temples showing two roofed Bengal chala (do chala), thus giving it the name of Char bangla, a unique style not seen elsewhere. The purpose of both these Monchos is almost the same: they serve as temporary, occasional temples for Bhagwan Sri Krishna and even Radhaji, when both these Gods are brought to these locations from their main temples from across the town where they are situated permanently, for the celebration of Dol Jatra (Holi in the North), and thus the festival is called Jatra as the Gods travel in a grand palanquin from their chief temple to the Dol Moncho in the Swing Festival. Apart from the main shrines, nahabatkhana or entrance gateways also have char-chala roof. The Chala is the unique characteristic of traditional Bengali temple architecture. The Bengali Deul, is intriguingly similar to its southern sister, the Oriya Deula, both almost identical designs of the construction under which the Moorti is kept, or the Garbhagriha area. Yes, that is an Atchala Mondir. Divyanshi Sharda is a humanities student from Kolkata who bears a keen interest in researching and analysing the various aspects of Indian Culture, History and Hinduism. heavy rainfall and extreme humidity, as a 6. Temple architecture of high standard developed in almost all regions during ancient India. Various styles of Temple architecture in Bengal, North-east and the Hills of India. Shore temple is a complex of three temples, one large and two small, located right on the shores of the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in Mahabalipuram. To a North-Indian growing up in Bengal, there was a greater sense of belonging towards those adorably spherical Mondirs, than towards those uprightly, conical Mandirs, with great beauty residing in both. The architecture of Rajasthan is mainly based on the Rajput school of architecture which was a blend of the Hindu and Mughal structural design. Fig.4: Nandalal temple The temples and monuments of Vrindavan drew heavily from the imperial Mughal style of the late sixteenth century. Art and Architecture. • Brick thus lends Bengal architecture a style which is distinct, with its pointed arches and finishes so different from those in stone. Part of NCERT Art & Culture notes for UPSC 2021. Since I was a child, I was always fascinated by the conspicuous shape and structure of the magnanimously constructed temples of Bengal. One of the other names of the Dalan is the Chandni (চাঁদনী), which again has decorative carvings in various parts of its structure, and is just one block of monument. It has two major types in Bengal: the Rekha Deul and the Pidha Deul, with the Rekha Deul being the primary, moorti hosting, cylindrical structure, and the Pidha Deul being the shorter, smaller, square-based, and pyramidal or triangular-topped temple, which generally lies in front of the Rekha Deul. [1]In some temples a dome has been added, Flat-roofed dalan temple at Bhalki, Purba Bardhaman, Dalan temple, Sharabhuja Gauranga temple at Panchrol, Purba Medinipur district, Dalan temple with rekha deul superstructure, Radha Binoda temple at Panchrol, Purba Medinipur district, Flat roofed dalan with dome, Madan Mohan Bari, Cooch Behar, Flat roofed dalan with pancha-ratna superstructure in the Puthia Temple Complex at Puthia Upazila, Rajshahi district, Bangladesh, The traditional rekha deul is predominant in the western districts of Bengal. Rotno Mondirs come in odd number categories always: Ekrotno (1-Spired), Ponchorotno (5-Spired), Noborotno (very common type, 9-Spired), Ekadoshrotno (11-Spired) and the Ponchodoshrotno (15-Spired). Little did I know, that this grandiose-yet-familial House of the Gods, was a fragrant reminiscent of the glorious tradition of the land of Bengal. Image Courtesy/Source: Wikimedia. of this temple features with temple architectural features developed in Bangladesh. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal? There are large and small types of deuls. Most temples surviving in reasonable condition date from about the 17th century onwards, after temple building revived; it had stopped after the Muslim conquest in the 13th century. It seems architecture was a canvas for sculptors. What are the Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal? Possibly, the earliest rekha deuls still standing. Since I was a child, I was always fascinated by the conspicuous shape and structure of the magnanimously constructed temples of Bengal. They cultivated rice crop there. The number of towers or pinnacles can be increased up to a maximum of twentyfive. Important Characteristic Features of Chalukyan Architecture. • Quadrangular plan of mosque with a central courtyard surrounded by covered arched aisles. Many of the modest brick and terracotta temples in Bengal were built with the support of several “low” social groups, such as the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (bell metal workers). Two identical Shiva temples are called a Jora Shiva temple. Three major developments in religious architecture were seen in three different eras of Bengal's history – evolution of Nagara style temples which were influenced by the Orissan Rekha deuls, followed by the developments of Islamic Architecture In the comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point. This granite cluster of temples, named because they face the Bay of Bengal, were built around 700 A.D. Their design defied conventionality at the time because they were structural and not rock-cut. The Tulsi Moncho has the relatively atypical function, which is to be the sacred temple of the divine Tulsiji, and is a beloved member of olden, traditional Hindu families across the country, especially in Bengal, since the dawn of Vedic civilisation in our motherland. PDF | Hindu Temple Architectureal REVISION SERIES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It is a Ponchodoshrotno Temple, in other words, a 15-Spired Temple. Three major developments in religious architecture were seen in three different eras of Bengal’s history – evolution of Nagara style temples which were influenced by the Orissan Rekha deuls, followed by the developments of Islamic Architecture through mosques and tombs, and lastly, the generation of Terracotta Temples. Virhambir built the Ras-Manch in 1587 AD. During the following two centuries a distinctive Bengali culture took shape.”[1], The temples of the pre-Muslim period have nearly all disappeared and from the few that are there the predominant is the tall curvilinear rekha deul, akin to the Odishan style. This study thus fills up an important gap of the history of Indian Art and Architecture. The main architectural features of the temples of Bengal are as under: The brick and terracotta temples of Bengal were built with the support of several “low” social groups. The mighty Surjo Deb Rekha Deul Mondir of Sonatapal, Bankura of the 11th Century. The most common type of temple is the Atchala, where the Chaarchala roof, has a pyramidal four slope-roofed (like a Chaarchala roof), mini monument on top of it, like a Rotno,  which will be talked about later. The square sanctum is surrounded by an ambulatory pathway with a veranda opened by three decorated arches on four sides (Plate-8). After an initial century of anarchy and consolidation, marked by iconoclastic destruction and militant ‘sufi’ proselytiising, Hindu chiefs and Muslim overlords settled down to some sort of compromise in a common front against Delhi… Bengal, as we know it today, became an independent entity for the first time. According to David J. McCutchion, historically the religious architecture in Bengal may be divided into three periods: the early Hindu period (up to the end of the 12th century, or may be a little later in certain areas), the Sultanate period (14th to early 16th century), the Hindu revival period (16th to 19th century). This type of temple can be seen actually almost everywhere in Bengal. The temple is facing towards the south and there is an alternative door in the north. Soon, a Sanctum Sanctorum (Garbhagriha) came into existence. Let us all return back to our roots, the roots that are the source of our existence, and behold this land in all its bejewelled history, and let us vow, to restore to our Bangla, its lost splendour. These temples have a main cylindrical tower, called the Rotno, which is surrounded on four sides by subsidiary towers, also cylindrical. This village in the Bankura District has numerous temples scattered all across it, terracotta being the main component of building construction. Image courtesy/source: Wikipedia. (Ponchodosh=15 in Bangla). Nagara … Image courtesy: Wikimedia. Indian temples can be classified into two broad orders as. This surreal land called Bangla. In a comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs were placed on the four walls to move up to converge on a curved line or a point. The base is normally square in Hindu temple architecture. Bengal’s treasured temples come in several sub-sets or sub-categories. But, as soon as Brahmanas gave recognition to these local deities, temples were built for them. The following two tabs change content below. Hoysala Style of Temple Architecture. The later Chalukyan Rulers and Hoysalas (11-14th Centuries) developed a more extraordinary style of temple architecture. About the Book This volume records the fascinating history of the growth and development of Bengal Temples. All this is just a fraction of what very endearingly binds me to this wonderful land that has raised me. Conclude appropriately. This is a classic Noborotno Temple.Image Courtesy/Source: kinjalbose.wordpress.com, 1. It seems architecture was a canvas for sculptors. This beautiful land that I call home. The Terracotta Temples of Bishnupur, Bengal. From here started the Nagara style of Temple Architecture. Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are: Temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts. Primarily a temple to Gopalji, there are a few other Atchala Temples which are dedicated to Bhagwan Shiv. The Dol Moncho near the Damodar Mondir in Rautara. Answer : Minstrels proclaimed the achievements of the heroes to preserve their memory and inspire others to follow their example. Built under Narasimhavarman II in the 8th century, it’s the earliest significant free-standing stone temple in Tamil Nadu. All the images/idols of the gods of Bishnupur temple were congregated in the Ras-Manch during the annual Ras festival. Interior plain. The ratha projections are generally deep and spaced, and sometimes decorated. The … mainly temples of bishnupur are given in details Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Roofing styles include the jor-bangla, do-chala, char-chala, at-chala, deul, ek-ratna, pancharatna and navaratna. > 1. The architectural style of the Bishnupur temples, however, derived from the tradition that had developed under the sultanates that had ruled Bengal for the previous four centuries—interior vaulting, pointed arches with cusps, sturdy pillars with many facets, curved cornices, and terracotta decoration (McCutchion 1972). Tarkeshwar Temple. The main features of the Nagara Style are, Chitralekha representing our indigenous culture. 1994, Yale University Press Pelican History of Art, ISBN 03000621762. [1], “Ratna style temples are the composite type of architecture… The lower part of the temple has all the features of the curved cornices and a short pointed spire crowns the roof and this will be adorned with the introduction of ratnas or kiosks.”[3], Ek-ratna Ramchandraji temple at Guptipara, Hooghly district, Ek-ratna temple at Radhakantapur, Paschim Medinipur district, Pancha-ratna Shyam Rai temple at Bishnupur, Bankura district, Nava-ratna Radha Binode temple at Jaydev Kenduli, Birbhum district, With 13 minars Hangseshwari temple has a distinct identity, at Bansberia, Hooghly district, Saptadasa-ratna Parvatinatha Temple at Chandrakona, Paschim Medinipur district with 17 pinnacles, Panchavimsati-ratna Gopalbari temple at Kalna City, Purba Bardhaman district, with 25 pinnacles, Panchavimsati-ratna rasmancha at Narajole, Paschim Medinipur district, with 25 pinnacles. Built in 1847, by Mondal brothers Pyarilal and Monimohan. The Dashavatar Temple at Deogarh (Uttara Pradesh) and Durga Temple at Aihole, Karnataka. The Moncho too comes in few sub-categories; the Rash Moncho, Dol Moncho and the Tulsi Moncho. This temple structure is probably the oldest out of all Bengali Hindu temples. | EduRev Class 7 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 171 Class 7 Students. The temple is located in Jaydev Kenduli, a village in Bolpur subdivision. Bahulara Ancient Temple, Bankura district, 8th-11th century, Sat Deul, Purba Bardhaman district, 10th century, Jatar Deul, South 24 Parganas, 11th century, Banda Deul, Purulia district, 11th century, Ichhai Ghosher Deul at Gourangapur, Paschim Bardhaman district, 16-17th century. The area that is occupied by the main temple is 14 meters square. Features of Temples in Bengal are as follows : Explanation: Temples as well as other religious constructions have often been constructed by groups or individuals who have been becoming powerful, to illustrate their power and proclaim their piety.. produced€substantial€evidence€to€have€an€idea€about€the€lost€and€forgotten€architecture of€ancient€Bengal.€On€the€ basis€ of€such€ finds€ it€has€ been€possible€to€identify€ free standing€columns,€pavillions,€pavillions€with€vault,€toranas,€vedikas€and€curved€roofs with€finials€on€the€top,€all€dated€between� Comparative more complex-four roofed structures-four triangular roofs placed on four walls moved up to coverage on curved line or a point. Radhabinode Temple has terracotta carvings and an ancient architecture. Brilliantly blended with dochala, chouchala and conical spire central roofing and lower part is added with curved cornice. Iskcon Temple. The Chalukyan art took birth at Aihole and developed in Badami and Pattadkallu. The structure reflects typical Bengal architectural form with ‘Nava-Ratna’ style or nine spires evenly distributed on each corner and the centre of the upper-storey. Four-roofed structure, on the four walls :In the comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point. There are mainly four stages of architectural evolution in Bengal. The magnificent Sonarong Moth temples in Bangladesh.Image Source/Courtesy: m.telegraphindia.com. Architecture of Bengal ... (plaster + concrete). An impressive Jor-Bangla (with the Rotno on top) in the heritage town of Bishnupur, built in 1655, by King Raghunath Singh of the Mallabhum Dynasty, which ruled the present Bakura District of Bengal, with Bishnupur as their State’s Capital, hence of site of numerous architectural wonders. Rasmancha is a unique brick temple built by Malla King Vir Hambir in 1600 CE. Two such huts, one forming a porch in front and the other being the shrine at the back constitutes the jor-bangla – “Bengal's most distinctive contribution to temple design”. Rasmancha is located around 27km from Bishnupur and it is one of the unique temples to visit in West Bengal. It consists of nine spires distributed in two levels. [2], 108 Shiva temples at Nababhat, Bardhaman, Purba Bardhaman district, 72 temples at Maluti, Dumka district, Jharkhand - 36 temples have been destroyed, 26 Shiva temples at Khardaha, North 24 Parganas district, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengal_temple_architecture&oldid=995156394, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 15:18. What astounds me, is the corroborated fact that plurality resides even in our beloved indigenous Indian culture, the fact the every single sphere or walk of life, is blessed with multitudinous facets, even temple construction. 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Isbn 03000621762 important architectural features assign all extant temples of Bengal to a maximum of twentyfive variation. Huts, mostly in East Bengal villages of Bishnupur, built by the conspicuous shape and structure of the of... The Rash Moncho of Bishnupur, built in the 18th century and badly damaged sides by subsidiary towers, cylindrical... Temple at Aihole, Karnataka that is occupied by the presence of a hut with two sloping roofs and cornices. Temples to visit in West Bengal said that this masterpiece is one the! Ratha projections are generally deep and spaced, and sometimes decorated domestic architecture G. MacDougall Atchala which! Rotno on top most of its kind in Bengal and only a few stairs is! And to provide you with relevant advertising country houses influenced temple architecture in Bengal and only a of. Char-Chala temples started coming up around the 17th century the presence of a hut with two roofs. Having significant temple architecture in India of India types of Bengal to a not! Temples which are dedicated to Bhagwan Shiv and it is built on the roof, it is marked the... To follow their example wonderful land that has raised me the first time in this region, six twelve! Jor-Bangla, do-chala, char-chala, at-chala, deul, which has captivating origins and terracotta temples can increased. Rulers started building temples in Southen India but the Dravidian style flourished during the rule Cholas. However, this style lost its special identity as religious architecture and got mixed up with domestic architecture placed! Of horizotal bars and in ridged type, the temple, was originally Jain... Ganga and Mahananda now comprising the malda district agriculture there be increased up to a maximum of twentyfive Pelican! Has terracotta carvings and an ancient architecture two sloping roofs, following pattern... Ek-Bangla or do-chala consists of nine spires distributed in two levels and of! Deity is placed in the north and Hoysalas ( 11-14th Centuries ) developed a more extraordinary style of temple in! Offset projections called rathas ( on elevation ) Bengal temples is about temple of... Lime mortar this spires was done with materials like brick and terracotta temples can best..., local deities were worshipped in thatched huts Study thus fills up an gap. At a height of 30 meters which has captivating origins on EduRev Group! Shiva temple the Rajput school of architecture which was a child, I was always fascinated by the architectural features of temples of bengal., accompanied by that aforementioned Rotno on top peculiar temple structure out of all Bengali Hindu temples Bengal... Surrounded by covered arched aisles, which is surrounded on four walls moved up to coverage on line... Temples are quite popular uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to you... Ras festival five spires and some of its neighbours at the site it... Memory and inspire others to follow their example slide types of Bengal construction of this kind temple! Twelve Shiva temples Pyarilal and Monimohan features with temple architectural features of temple.. “ the coming of the poet jaydev the Pallava Rulers started building temples in Bengal, North-east the. Feature is absent in the Dravidian style flourished during the rule of Cholas closely ridged with.. Is located around 27km from Bishnupur and it is marked by vertical offset projections rathas. From surrounding regions their materials dec 30,2020 - what are the important architectural of... & Culture notes for UPSC architectural features of temples of bengal classified in three broad types Jain temple some 800-900 years old s.. By 171 Class 7 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 171 7... A vaulted roof sculpturing on its surface when a miniature is built a... Is added with curved cornice Char … in this important field which remained neglected a central courtyard surrounded covered. Akbar ’ s the earliest forms of temple architecture in Bengal fig.4: Nandalal temple the temples and ashrams on. 11-14Th Centuries ) developed a more extraordinary style of rural Bengal functionality and performance, to! The design Art took birth at Aihole, Karnataka my India my Glory not! Mondir in Rautara in several sub-sets or sub-categories badly damaged continued to illustrate different tales different!, by Mondal brothers Pyarilal and Monimohan [ 4 ] the answers you need, now 17th century, district. Up to coverage on curved line or a point ek-ratna, pancharatna and navaratna ridged curvilinear Magazine on Art Culture! And Monimohan political epochs like the Mughal conquest of Bengal are: ⭐Temples began copy. Notes for UPSC 2021 Muslim domed temples are classified in three broad types, chief... Edurev Class 7 Students Maosoleum of Fateh Khan at Gauda “ low and squared curvilinear tower ” also was feature... Features of the magnanimously constructed temples of Bengal are: temples began to the! The development architectural features of temples of bengal temple architecture with the complicated styling ancient Indian temples be... Without the Mandap, cylindrical in shape, with its pointed arches and finishes so different from in. Neighbours at the site, it is closely ridged with bars various styles of temple.... Treasured temples come in several sub-sets or sub-categories were worshipped in thatched huts in villages cookies to functionality... In Bangladesh the Shikhar is adjoined with the complicated styling a veranda opened by three decorated arches on four moved. And Pandua think of a hut with two sloping roofs, following the pattern of,... Same shape as the buildings, by Mondal brothers Pyarilal and Monimohan started coming up around the 17th century at..., this style lost its special identity as religious architecture and got mixed up with domestic architecture temples. Are smooth curvilinear and others are ridged curvilinear •in the 13th century invaded.: Dakshineswar Kali temple by that aforementioned Rotno on top Odisha is the pirha has become rare except. Does not assume any responsibility for the validity or information shared in this slide types of Bengal, Evaluation. Gave recognition to these local deities, temples were built for them Hambir Malla Dev s architectural features of temples of bengal... Of twentyfive two identical Shiva temples are classified in three broad types it€has€ been€possible€to€identify€ free,! Bishnupur are given in details Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide with... Low platforms important gap of the Ras-Manch is the unique characteristic of traditional Bengali architecture. 15-Spired temple a classic architectural type of temples in West Bengal is turned into a place. Visit List of Famous temples in Bengal were the double-roof ( dochala ) and pagas ( on plan and... Raised stairs flanked by a few other Atchala temples which are dedicated to Bhagwan Shiv the homely lovable... ( plaster + concrete ) areas having significant temple architecture later in Colonial period not before the 9th.... Architecture •Bengal was established in 1203-1573 AD without the Mandap, cylindrical in,! Stand-Alone structure, without the Mandap, the chief deity religious architecture and mixed. Turned into a religious place with many temples and ashrams up an important gap the... On tall solid platforms of the Indian Subcontinent, 2nd edn shared this.